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Species of Mammals
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Varieties of Birds
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Species of Reptiles and Salamanders
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Bears within the Park

Smoky Mountain Animals

Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a mammoth animal sanctuary, providing an ecosystem for:

  • 66 species of mammals
  • 200 varieties of birds
  • 50 types of native fish
  • 80 species of reptiles and amphibians

The combination of warm lowlands and cool higher elevations provide for a dynamic taste of fauna, much like that of Yellowstone national Park. The park its self is most famous for the American Black Bear as well a uniquely diverse selection of salamanders, with over 30 species spawning 5 families. Great Smokey Mountains NP also works as a sanctuary to help preserve species like the:

  • Northern Flying Squirrel
  • River Otter
  • Elk
  • The majestic Peregrine Falcon

Open areas like Cataloochee and Cades Cove offer some of the best opportunities to see:

  • White-tailed Deer
  • Black Bear
  • Raccoon
  • Wild Turkey
  • Woodchuck

In the early 1990s, attempts were made to introduce native Red Wolves back into the park, but by 1998, the experiment was relocated due to a lack of nutrition for the animals. Attempts to reintroduce otters were successful however, and the park now supports over a thousand of the shy nocturnal creatures.