Because of the range of elevation in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the park affords amazing opportunities to view an unparalleled variety of birds in various microclimates.
All in all, some 240 species of birds call the Smoky Mountains home.
The number of birds and diversity of species change with the seasons. Late March brings the first migrating songbirds to lower elevations, and by late April many species are at peak singing and nesting activity. Yet in the high country, snow lingers and it will be mid-June before songbird nesting is at its peak. Active birders can expect to encounter up to 100 species a day in peak migration-late April to early may. Varied climates hold different species, with a region of spruce and fir similar to the Canadian Boreal forest providing homes to Black-capped Chickadees, Red-breasted Nuthatch as well as the Northern Saw-whet Owl. In lower elevations, southern Hardwoods echo with the sounds of the Belted Kingfisher, Eastern Screech-Owl and Yellow-throated Vireo, while in open fields Red-Tailed Hawks and Wild Turkey abound.
Most notable Bird Species found in the Smoky Mountains Park: